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Safeguard your good works by guarding the tongue.

Posted by al Adaab on January 3, 2011

Al Hamdulillahi Rabbil Aalameen, was Salaatu was Salaamu ‘alaa Sayyidil Mursaleen, Habibunaa wa Nabiyyunaa wa Mahmudunaa wa Mawlaanaa Muhammadinil Mustafaa, Khaatimul Anbiyaa-i wal Mursaleen, wa Imaamul Mittaqeen wa Shafee’il Mudhnibeen, Rasuli Rabbil ‘Alameen, wa Qaaidil Ghurril Muhajjaleen, wa ‘alaa ‘Aalihi wa As-habihi wa Azwaajihi wa Dhurriyaatihi wa Ahli Baytihi wa  sallima tasliman kathiran, kathiraa. Ya Khayrul Naasireen.

Guarding the Tongue

Wa Qaal Allahu ta ‘ala fi Kalaamihil Qadeem, ba’da ‘authu Billahi min ash shaytanir rajim, Bismillahir Rahmanir

كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ ۗ

You are the best of peoples, raised up from mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding evil, and you believe in Allah.

Allahu ta ‘ala says in Suratul Ibrahim, 34th Ayah:

وَآتَاكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُ ۚ وَإِنْ تَعُدُّوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ لَا تُحْصُوهَا ۗ إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ [١٤:٣٤]

And He gives you all that ye ask for. But if you attempt to count the favors of Allah, you will never be able to number them. Indeed, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude. Suratul Ibrahim, Ayah 34:
The tongue is one of many gifts that Allah Subhana Hoo has bestowed upon His servants. Although the tongue is a small, its impact on the one using it may have a large impact for either good or evil.  With this small piece of flesh one may find his path to Jannah or Jahannam.  As with everything that Allahu ta ‘ala has given us we must show our gratitude, our shukr by not misusing or abusing this precious gift.

If we use it to comply with the orders of Allahu ta ‘ala laid out in al Qur’an Majid, and the Sunnah of the Holy Last Messenger Sayyidinaa Muhammad al Mustafa Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, it becomes a source for earning divine ni’mah [favor] in this world and in the in Hereafter.  Conversely if this piece of flesh the tongue is used in disobedience to the commandments of Allahu ta ‘ala and Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, and does not display thankfulness [shukr], it will lead us down the path of destruction, and we will have no one to blame but ourselves. Shukr, being thankful to Allahu ta ‘ala for his ni’mah means not using the gifts He bestows upon us by the opposing Him.

The sins of the tongue can be small [saghira] or enormous [kabirah]. Some of the sins of the tongue take person out of Islam. Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said in the hadith related by al Imam at-Tirmidhiyy Rahmatullahi ‘alaihi:

Innal mar’-a layatakallimu bil- kalimati laa yaraa biha ba’-san yahwee-bihaa fin naari khareefaa

“A person may utter a word he thinks harmless, which results in his falling the depth of seventy (70) years into Hellfire
Among the sins of the tongue considered to be major sins are gossip or backbiting (ghibah) and tale-bearing (namimah). Ibn Abid-Dunyia related that Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, said:

Khaslataani maa in tajammilal khalaa-iqu bimithli-himaa, husnul khuluqi wa  twoolus samt

“One can greatly beautify himself with two habits–good manners and lengthy silence.”

Here Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim is alluding to remaining silent and not speaking except for what is good, such as Dhikr, Tilaawatul Quran Majid, Salaaat ‘alan Nabiyy [Darood Sharif] and teaching others what is good.

Imam Bukhariyy and Imam Muslim Radhi Allahu ‘anhumma related from  Sayyidinaa Abu Hurayrah Radhi Allahu ‘anhu, that Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said:

Man kaana yu’minu Billahi wal Yawmul Aakhiri, falyaqul khairan aw liyasmut

“Let the one who believes in Allah and the Last day, either utter good words, or let him be silent

Allahu ta ‘ala said in Surat al-Isra’, 36 ayah:

وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۚ إِنَّ السَّمْعَ وَالْبَصَرَ وَالْفُؤَادَ كُلُّ أُولَٰئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسْئُولًا [١٧:٣٦

And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).

Allahu ta ‘ala is warning us that we will be held accountable for what we hear, what we see and what we feel as well as what we believe.

At-Tirmidhiyy narrated a saying of the Holy Last Messenger  Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim to Sayyidinaa Mu’adh Ibn Jabal Radhi Allahu ‘anhu, in which he said:

“Wa hal yakubbun naasa fin naar ‘alaa wujuuhim, illaa hasaa-idu alsinatihim

And what will cause mankind to fall on their faces into the fire other than what their tongues have reaped?”

Allahu ta ‘ala warns us in al Qur’an Majid that he has appointed angels over us writing down our deeds.  Hikmah dictated that the wise man or woman heed these warning signs before  he or she crashes headlong into the wrath  of Allahu ta ‘ala. Read the rest of this entry »

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Keeping the Company of the Pious People

Posted by al Adaab on July 4, 2010

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Nahmaduhu wa Nusalli ‘alaa Rasulihil Kareem,

wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Awliyaaihi ajma’een.

Allahu ta ‘ala has commanded us to keep the company of pious people, to visit them to learn from them, to benefit from them and to do benefit [help] to them.  Our salvation lies in obeying the commands of Allahu ta ‘ala and His Beloved Sayyidinaa wa Mawlaana Muhammad Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim

Allahu ta ‘ala says:

وَاصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ ۖ وَلَا تَعْدُ عَيْنَاكَ عَنْهُمْ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَنْ ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا [١٨:٢٨]

And keep thy soul content with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face; and let not thine eyes pass beyond them, seeking the pomp and glitter of this Life; nor obey any whose heart We have permitted to neglect Our Dhikr [remembrance], one who follows his own desires, whose case has gone beyond all bounds. Suratul Kahf, 28th Ayah.

The circumstances behind the sending down of this ayah are as follows;

Sayyidinaa Salman al-Farisi Radhi Allahu anhu who said: “Those whose hearts were to be reconciled (al-mu’allafati qulubuhum) – were ‘Uyaynah ibn Hisn, al-Aqra’ ibn Habis and their families – who came to the Messenger of Allah, Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, if only you could sit at the front of the assembly and remove these people – meaning: Salman al-Farisi, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari and other poor Muslims – and their smelly outer garments – because the only thing they had on them were these woolen outer garments – from us, then we could sit with you, talk to you and learn from you!’ [1]

As a response, Allah, exalted is He, revealed (And recite that which hath been revealed unto thee of the Scripture of thy Lord. There is none who can change His words, and thou wilt find no refuge beside Him. Restrain thyself along with those who cry unto their Lord at morn and evening, seeking His Countenance) [18:27-28] up to His words (Lo! We have prepared for disbelievers Fire…) [18:29], threatening them with hell.

The Prophet, Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, stood up and went looking for them. He found them at the back of the masjid making dhikr of Allah, exalted is He. He said: ‘Praise be to Allah Who did not take away my soul until He commanded me to content myself with men of my community. It is with you that I live and with you that I die’ ”. (…and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance…) [18:28]. [Asbaabun Nuzul al Wahidi] Read the rest of this entry »

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The True Nature of Servitude [‘Ubudiyya]

Posted by al Adaab on June 19, 2010

The True Nature of Servitude

(’Ubudiyya) in Islam

Ustadh Muhammad Sa’id Hunafaa Qadiri

Jumu’ah Wa’dh delivered at Masjid Noorul Hudaa Columbia, SC 12/26/2008

Al Hamdulillah Rabbil  Aalameen wa salaatu wa salaamu ‘alaa Sayyidanaa, wa Shafi’anaa wa Habibanaa wa Mawlaana Muhammadinil Mustafaa,   Allahumma Salli wa Sallim ‘alaa ‘Abdika wa Rasulikan Nabiyyil Ummiyy. Khaatimul ‘Ambiyaa-I wal Mursaleen,  wa Imaamul Muttaqeen, Wa Qaaidil Ghurril Muhaajaleen, wa  Shafi’il mudhnibeen, Rasuli Raabbil ‘aalameen wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Azwaaajihi  Ummuhaatul Mu’mineen, wa Dhurriyaati, wa Ahlil Bayti, wa Ashaabihi wa Awliyaaih, wa Ummatihi ajma’een bi Rahmatika Yaa Arhamar Rahimeem  wa ba’d

Wa Qal Allahu ta ‘ala fi kalaamil qadim ba’da  ‘authu billahi  minash shaytanir rajim Bismillahir Rahmani Rahim

قُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَسَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ عِبَادِهِ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَىٰ ۗ آللَّهُ خَيْرٌ أَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

Say: Praise be to Allah and peace on His Servants whom He has chosen: is Allah better, or what they associate (with Him)?  ( 27:59)

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I have not created the jinn and the men except that they should serve Me.

وَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَكَ الْيَقِينُ

Serve your Rabb until (the day of) Certainty comes to you (15:99)

Sayyidinaa  Abu Dharr al Ghifari Radhi Allahu ‘anhu narrated from the Prophet Sall Allah ‘alaihi wa ‘alaihi wa sallim that  Allah (azza wa jalla) said:

“Ya ‘Ibaadi. I have forbidden injustice for Myself and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so be not unjust to one another.

Ya ‘Ibaadi, You are all astray except him whom I have guided, so seek My guidance and I shall guide you.

Ya ‘Ibaadi, you are all hungry except him whom I have fed, so ask me for food and I shall feed you.

Ya Ibaadi, you are all naked except him who I have clothed, so ask Me for clothing and I shall clothe you,

Ya ‘Ibaadi, you all commit sins, night and day, and I forgive all you sins, so seek forgiveness, and I shall forgive you.

Ya ‘Ibaadi, you are not capable of causing Me harm, so you harm Me not. You are not capable of benefitting Me, so you do not benefit Me.

Ya ‘Ibaadi, if the first of you and last of you, the Men of you and the Jinn of you, were as bad as the most sinful heart among you, it will not diminish one jot of My Kingdom,

Ya ‘Ibaadi, if the first of you and last of you, the Men of you and the Jinn of you, stood in unison and asked Me, and I granted every person what they asked for. It will not diminish what I have, except as much as the needle diminishes the ocean, when it is dipped in it.

Ya ‘Ibaadi, these are your deeds for which I make you accountable, and then recompense you for them.  Whoever finds good, let him praise Allah, and for whoever finds the contrary, let him blame none but himself. Al Hadith Al Qudsiyyah (Day 127,128)

“O son of Adam, free yourself for My service and your heart will be filled by Me with contentment, and I shall protect you from poverty, if you do not do that, I shall fill your heart with anxiety and I shall not provide for your needs. (at Tirmidhi and al Bayhaqi) (Day 208)

Read the rest of this entry »

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Virtues of Ahl ul Bayt from Holy Qur’an and Hadith

Posted by al Adaab on December 18, 2009

Hadhrat Sa’d bin Abu Waqqas (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu) said that when this ayat came down, “Let us call our sons and your sons…” Holy Qur’an, (3:61). Allah’s Holy Last Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) called Sayyidina ‘Ali, Sayyidah Fatima, Sayyidina Hasan and Sayyidina Husain (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhum) and said, “O Allah, these are the members of my family.” (Sahih Muslim)

Mother of faithful believers, Sayyidah ‘A’isha (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anha) said that the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of black goat’s hair. Sayyidina Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu) came and he took him under it, then Sayyidina al-Husain (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu) came and went under it along with him, then Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her) came and he took her under it, then ‘Ali (Karam Allah Wajhu) came and he took him under it. He then recited (the following Ayat): “Allah only desires to remove abomination from you, members of the family, and purify you.” Holy Qur’an, (33:33)
(Sahih Muslim)

Hadhrat Zaid bin Arqam (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) as saying, “I am leaving among you something of such a nature that if you lay hold of it you will not go astray after I am gone, one part of it being more important than the other: Allah’s Book, a rope stretched from heaven to earth, and my close relatives who belong to my household. These two will not separate from one another till they come down to the Pond, so consider how you would act regarding them after my departure.” (Sahih Tirmidhi)

Hadhrat Abu Dharr (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu) while holding the door of the Ka’ba, said that he had heard the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) say, “My family among you are like Noah’s ark. He who sails on it will be safe, but he who holds back from it will perish.” (Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal)

Hadhrat Zaid bin Arqam (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu) said that Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said of Sayyidina Ali (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu), Sayyidah Fatima (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anha), Sayyidina al-Hasan (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu) and Sayyidina al-Husain (Radhi Allahu Ta’ala ‘Anhu), “I am war to him who makes war on them and peace to him whom makes peace with them.” (Tirmidhi)

Posted in 'Ibaadah, Ahlul Bayt, General, Hadith, Holy Qur'an Majid, Sayyidinaa Muhammad Sallu alaihi wa Aalihi | Leave a Comment »

The Fast of ‘Ashura (The 10th of Muharram)

Posted by al Adaab on December 18, 2009

Note: Every year around this time we receive questions as to the correct position from al Ahl as Sunnah perspective on Love of the Ahlul Bayti Muhammadi Ridhwaan Allahu ‘alaihim ‘ajma’een. The most authentic position is that it is not possible to profess love for Sayyidinaa Muhammad al Mustafaa Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim yet harbor feelings of hatred for the Blessed family and descendants of Habib Allah Sal Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim.

Ahl As Sunnah Scholars and Awliyaa have always emphasized the necessity of loving Ahlul Bayt. Until recent history there was never a need to defend loving the Blessed Family of Sayyidinaa Mustafaa Sall Allahu ‘alaihih wa sallim. It was understood and taught throughout Islamic history as a basic point of aqidah, that to disrespect, show enmity or harm the Family of Rasulullahi Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim was tantamount to doing the same to the Beloved of Allahu ta ‘ala Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim. Some ‘Ulema said that such actions were a manifestation of nifaq or hypocrisy, while others equated such actions with kufr or unbelief. Eventually upstart modernist movements that supported Yazid and who approved of the atrocities committed by the tyrant and murtadh (renegade) against Ahl ul Bayt and the People of Madinatul Munawwarah, began to spread the propaganda that anyone showing love and respect for Ahl ul Bayt or who disapproved of the actions of the cursed Yazid had deviated from the straight path.

Because of this false propaganda many Muslims have developed a fear of expressing their love for Rasulullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim and his Blessed Family for fear of being slandered and identified with following the Shia way. Loving Ahl ul Bayt does not make one a Shia and this love is not the exclusive right of any particular group from amongst the believers. Anyone with true Iman must of necessity love Rasulullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim and Ahlul Bayt Ridhwaan Allahu ta ‘ala ‘alaihim ajma’een, as it is a requirement of Iman.

Al Imam Sayyid Mubarik “Ali Shah Gilani Hassahi wal Hussayni my perfect Murshid Hafidhahullah, in an article concerning the excellence of Ahl ul Bayt quotes a hadith that captures the essence of the matter;

Imam Tirmidhi narrated from Hazrat Ibn-e-Abbas, Radhi Allahu Anhu, that Sayyid-e-Aalam, Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, said: “(Just as) the stars are shelters for those living on Earth to protect them from being drowned (similarly) my Ahl-e-Bayt are the resorting place for the difference (of opinion) amongst my Ummah. Hence whenever any tribe stands in rivalry against my Ahl-e-Bayt, they will suffer from internal strife amongst themselves and thus that will become a satanic group.” Imam Hakim narrated from Hazrat Anas Radhi Allahu anhu, that Sayyid-e-Aalam, Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim said: “In respect of my Ahl-e-Bayt, my Allah Jalla Majadahu has promised that whoever amongst them have confessed Tauheed and Risalat, He will not put them under Adhab (torture, punishment).

And so we begin our series of posts on the Ahl as Sunnah position concerning Love of Ahl ul Bayt from sources acceptable to the Ahl as Sunnah ‘Ulama. Let there be no room for doubt.

Muharram 1, 1431

Muhammad Sa’id Hunafa Qadri


The Fast of ‘Ashura (The 10th of Muharram)

Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) say: “It is the day of ‘Ashura. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has not made fasting obligatory for you. But I am fasting. He who likes to observe fast among you should do so, and he who likes not to observe it (does not have to) observe it.” [Sahih Muslim]

Abu Qatada (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates that the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said that the fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim]

Abu Huraira (Radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said that after Ramadan, the fasts of Muharram have the greatest excellence. [Sahih Muslim]

Alhamdulillah, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has blessed us to see another year. The first month of this year is Muharram. In this month is an excellent day—the day of ‘Ashura—which falls on the 10th of Muharram. The Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) recommended that we fast on this day, by his Sunnah. He also indicated how we should observe the fast of ‘Ashura.

Hakam ibn Al-Arat (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates: I went to Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh)… I said to him: Tell me about fasting on ‘Ashura. He said, “When you seen the new moon of Muharram count the (days) and (begin to) observe fast on the 9th.” I said to him: “Is it how the Holy Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) observed the fast?” He said, “Yes.” [Sahih Muslim]

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates that when the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said: “If I survive till next year, I will definitely observe fast on the 9th of Muharram (as well).” [Sahih Muslim]

(Note: What the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) meant was that he would also fast on the 9th as well as the 10th to which he was accustomed. We also should try fasting on the 9th and the 10th of Muharram.)

The Historical Significance of ‘Ashura

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) arrived in Madinah and found the Jews observing fast on the day of ‘Ashura… They said: “It is the day of great (significance) when Allah delivered Hazrat Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and his people and drowned Pharoah and his people, and Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) observed fast out of gratitude. And we also observe it.” The Holy Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) responded: “We have more right, and we have closer connection with Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) than you have”; so Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) observed fast (on the day of ‘Ashura) and gave us orders to observe it. [Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]

‘Ashura is a day of great historical significance. On this day: Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) accepted the repentance of Sayyidina Adam (‘Alaihis-Salaam) after his exile from Paradise; Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) saved Sayyidina Nuh (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and his companions in the ark; Allah extinguished the fire in which Sayyidina Ibrahim (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was thrown by Nimrod; And Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) spoke directly to Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and gave him the Commandments. On this same 10th of Muharram, Sayyidina Ayyub (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was restored to health (from leprosy); Sayyidina Yusuf (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was reunited with his father Ya’qub (‘Alaihis-Salaam); Sayyidina Yunus (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was taken out from the belly of the fish; and the sea was divided as the nation of israel was delivered from captivity and Pharoah’s army was destroyed. ‘Ashura is also the day when  the kingdom of Sulaiman (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was restored; Sayyidina Isa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was raised to Jannah; and Sayyidina al- Imam Husayn (Radiyallahu ‘anh) (the Holy Nabi’s, Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, grandson) achieved the honor of Martyrdom.

Worship Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) as much as you can on ‘Ashura. Whoever fasts on this day is like one who fasts all his life. Whoever clothes a naked person Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will release him from a painful punishment. He who visits a sick person, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will grant him a reward that will not be decreased. Whoever places his hand on an orphan’s head, or feeds a hungry person or gives water to a thirsty man, Allah will feed him a feast from Paradise and will quench his thirst with Salsabil (a wine that does not intoxicate). And who ever takes a Ghusl on this day will enjoy excellent health and freedom from sickness and indolence. Whoever provides generously for his family on this day, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will be generous to him throughout this year. And whoever applies Kuhl to his eyes will never suffer from eye-sore again, Insha’Allah al-Aziz

O’ Allah! Bless us to perform good deeds and gain their reward on ‘Ashura. Make the new year one of unity, cooperation and success for Muslims in this city and around the world. Ameen.

Posted in 'Ibaadah, Ahlul Bayt, Islamic History, Sayyidinaa Muhammad Sallu alaihi wa Aalihi | Leave a Comment »

The Uncovering of the Eighth Veil: Concerning the Pilgrimage

Posted by al Adaab on October 24, 2009

Excerpt from “Kashful Mahjub: The Unveiling of the Veiled”


Data Darbar

Sayyidinaa Sheikh Abul Hassan ”Ali bin Uthman bin ‘Ali al Jullabi

Al Ghaznawi al Hujwiri Radhi Allahu ‘anhu

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Wa Sall Allahu ta ‘ala ‘alaa Sayyidinaa wa Mawlaana Muhammadin wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa sallim


The Pilgrimage (Hajj) is binding on every Muslim of sound mind who is able to perform it and has reached manhood. It consists in putting on the pilgrim’s garb [Ihram] at the proper place, in standing on Arafat, in circumambulating the Ka’bah, and in running between Safah and Marwah. One must not enter the sacred territory without being clad as a pilgrim (bi ihram). The sacred territory (Haraam) is so called because it contains the Station of Abraham (Maqami Ibrahim). Sayyidinaa Ibraham alaihi salaam had two stations: the station of his body, namely Makkah, and the station of his soul, namely friendship (khullat). Whoever seeks the bodily station must renounce all lusts and pleasures and put on the pilgrim’s garb and clothe himself in a winding sheet (kafan) and refrain from hunting lawful game, and keep all his senses under strict control, and be present at Arafat and go thence to Muzdalifah and Mash’ar al-Haraam, and pick up stones and circumambulate the Ka’bah and visit Mina and stay there three days and throw stones in the prescribed manner and cut his hair and perform the sacrifice and put on his ordinary clothes.

But whoever seeks his spiritual station must renounce familiar associations and bid farewell to pleasures and take no thought of other than Allahu ta ‘ala (for his looking towards the phenomenal world is interdicted); then he must stand on the ‘Arafat of gnosis (ma’arifat) and there set out for the Muzdalifah of amity (ulfat) and from there send his heart to circumambulate the temple of Divine purification (tanzih), and throw away the stones of passion and corrupt thoughts in the Mina of faith, and sacrifice his lower soul on the altar of mortification and arrive at the station of friendship (khullat). To enter the bodily station is to be secure from enemies and their swords, but to enter the spiritual station is to be secure from separation (from Allahu ta ‘ala) and its consequences.

His Eminence Sayyidinaa Muhammad b. Al-Fadl radhi Allahu ‘anhu says: “I wonder at those who seek His temple in this world: why do they not seek contemplation of Him in their hearts? The temple they sometimes attain and sometimes miss, but contemplation they might enjoy always. If they are bound [by sacred law if one has the means] to visit a stone which is looked at only once a year, surely they are more bound to visit the temple of the heart, where He may be seen three hundred and sixty times in a day and night. But the mystic’s [the one who seeks intimacy with Allahu ta ‘ala, the object of all true lovers] every step is a symbol of the journey to Makkah, and when he reaches the sanctuary he wins a robe of honor for every step”.

His Eminence Sayyidinaa Abu Yazid [Bistami] radhi Allahu ‘anhu says: “If anyone’s reward for worshipping Allahu ta ‘ala is deferred until tomorrow he has not worshipped Allahu ta ‘ala right today”, for the recompense for every moment of worship and mortification is immediate. And Sayyidinaa Abu Yazid radhi Allahu ‘anhu also says: “On my first pilgrimage I saw only the Ka’bah; the second time, I saw the Ka’bah and the Lord of the Ka’bah; and the third time I saw the Lord alone.” In short, where mortification [Mujahidah bin Nafs] is, there is no sanctuary; the sanctuary is where contemplation is. Unless the whole universe is a man’s trysting place where he comes near unto Allahu ta ‘ala and a retired chamber where he enjoys intimacy with Allahu ta ‘ala, he is still a stranger to Divine love; but when he has vision the whole universe is his sanctuary.

“The darkest thing in the world is the Beloved’s house without the Beloved.”

Accordingly, what is truly valuable is not the Ka’bah, but contemplation and annihilation in the abode of friendship, of which things the sight of the Ka’bah is indirectly a cause. But we must recognize that every cause depends on the author of causes (musabbib), from whatever hidden place the providence of Allahu ta ‘ala may appear, and when the desire of the seeker may be fulfilled. The object of mystics (mardan) in traversing wilderness and deserts is not the sanctuary itself, for to a lover of Allahu ta ‘ala it is unlawful to look upon His sanctuary. No; their object is mortification to a longing that leaves them no rest, and eager dissolution in a lover that has no end.

A certain man came to His Eminence Sayyidinaa Junayd [al Baghdadi] radhi Allahu ‘anhu. Sayyidinaa Junayd radhi Allahu ‘anhu asked him whence he came. He replied: “I have been on the pilgrimage”. Junayd radhi Allahu ‘anhu said: “From the time when you first journeyed from your home have you also journeyed away from all sins?” He said: “No.” “Then”, said Sayyidinaa Junayd radhi Allahu ‘anhu, “You have made no journey. At every stage where you halted for the night did you traverse a station on the way to Allahu ta ‘ala?” He said: “No.” “Then,” said Sayyidinaa Junayd radhi Allahu ‘anhu, “You have not trodden the road stage by stage. When you put on the pilgrim’s garb at the proper place did you discard the attributes of humanity as you cast off your ordinary clothes?” “No.”. “Then you have not put on the pilgrim’s garb. When you stood on ‘Arafat did you stand one instant in contemplation of Allahu ta ‘ala?” “No.” “Then you have not stood on Arafat. When you went to Muzdalifah and achieved your desire did you renounce all sensual pleasures?” “No.” “Then you have not gone to Muzdalifah. When you circumambulated the Temple [Ka’bah] did you behold the immaterial beauty of Allahu ta ‘ala in the abode of purification? “No.” Then you have not circumambulated the Temple”.

“When you ran between Safah and Marwah did you attain the rank of purity (safa) and virtue (muruwwat)? “No.” “Then you have not run. When you came to Mina did all your wishes (munyatha) cease?” “No”. Then you have not yet visited Mina. When you reached the slaughter place and offered sacrifice did you sacrifice the objects of sensual desire?” “No.” “Then you have not sacrificed. When you threw the stones did you throw away whatever sensual thoughts that were accompanying you?” “No.” “Then you have not yet thrown the stones, and you have not yet performed the pilgrimage. Return and perform the pilgrimage in the manner in which I have described in order that you may arrive at the station of Abraham [Maqami Ibrahim]”. The Honorable Fudayl b. Iyad radhi Allahu ‘anhu says: “I saw at Mount Arafat a youth who stood silent with bowed head while all the people were praying aloud, and I asked him why he did not pray like them. He answered that he was in great distress, having lost the spiritual state (waqi) which he formerly enjoyed, and that he could by no means cry aloud unto Allahu ta ‘ala.

I said: “Pray, in order that through the blessings of this multitude Allahu ta ‘ala may accomplish thy desire”. He was about to lift his hands and pray, when suddenly he uttered a shriek and died on the spot”. His Eminence Sayyidinaa Dhu ‘l-Nun the Egyptian radhi Allahu ‘anhu says: “At Mina I saw a young man sitting quietly while the people were engaged in the sacrifices. I looked at him to see what he was doing. He cried: “O Allah, all the people are offering sacrifices. I looked at him to see what he was doing. He cried: “O Allahu, all the people are offering sacrifice. I wish to sacrifice my lower soul to Thee; do Thou accept it”. Having spoken, he pointed with his forefinger to his throat and fell dead—may Allahu have mercy on him!”

Pilgrimages, then are of two kinds: (1) in absence (from Allahu ta ‘ala) and (2) in presence (of Allahu ta ‘ala). Anyone who is absent from Allahu ta ‘ala at Makkah is in the same position as if he were absent from Allahu ta ‘ala in his own house, and anyone who is present with Allahu ta ‘ala in his own house is in the same position as if he were present with Allahu ta ‘ala at Makkah. Pilgrimage is an act of mortification [Mujahidah bin Nafs] for the sake of obtaining contemplation and mortification does not become the direct cause of contemplation, but is only a means to it. Therefore, inasmuch as a means has no further effect on the reality of things, the true object of pilgrimage is not to visit the Ka’bah, but to obtain contemplation of Allahu ta ‘ala.

Salawaatullahu Barrur Rahim, wa Malaaikatil Muqarrabeen, ‘alaa Sayyidil Mursaleen, wa Imaamil Muttaqeen, wa Qaaidil Ghurril Muhaajjaleen,

Habibunaa Muhammadin, wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Awliyaaihi wa Ummatihi sallim.


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The Rulings of Ramadhan According to the Way of the Best of Mankind

Posted by al Adaab on August 19, 2009

The Rulings of Ramadan

According to the Way of the Best of Mankind (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) –

by Abu Ammar

Content

1. Translator’s Introduction

2. The Blessed Month of Ramadan

3. Fasting During Ramadan

4. Types of Fast

5. The Sighting of the New Moon (Hilal)

6. Things Disliked and Those Not Disliked Whilst Fasting

7. Things Which Invalidate The Fast But Do Not Require Atonement (Kaffarah)

8. Things Which Invalidate the Fast and Require Kaffarah

9. Those Not Obliged to Fast

10) The Recitation of the Quran and its Etiquettes (Adab)

11. Tarawih

12. The Number of Rak’ahs for Tarawih

13. Spiritual Retreat (I’tikaf)

14. Types of I’tikaf

15. The Night of Power (Laylat al-Qadr)

16. The Descending of the Angels

17. Knowledge of Laylat al-Qadr

18. Witnessing Laylat al-Qadr

19. The Zakat of ‘Eid al-Fitr

20. The Day of ‘Eid al-Fitr

21. Description of The Prayer on ‘Eid al-Fitr

22. The Mysteries of Fasting

23. Epilogue

In the name of Allah the Most Merciful, and Compassionate

All praise is due unto Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and Sustainer of each and every atom in existence. Exalted is He, above all that is associated with Him. There is none like unto Him, and He is the All Hearing, All Seeing. He is the Knower of the Innermost Secrets, and the most hidden thoughts of men. He is the Light of the Heavens and the Earth. And I bear witness that our master, the Beloved of Allah – Muhammad , is His servant and messenger. He was sent with the Religion of Truth to make it manifest over all other religions. He was sent as a witness, a bringer of glad tidings, a warner, a caller to Allah by His leave and as a luminous lamp. May the peace and blessings of Allah Most High be showered upon him, and upon his family, and upon his wives, and his companions one and all. And may the mercy of Allah be upon those who followed him of the Tabi’in and their students, and those who follow in their footsteps, biting onto their way with their molars.

To continue, this is a brief outline of the matters pertaining to the blessed month of Ramadan, its virtues and the rulings which Allah Most High has commanded us with. The rulings of Islamic Sacred Law (Fiqh) in this work are taken from the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence (Madhhab). This work has been compiled from Bada’i’ al-Sana’i’ by Imam al-Kasani and al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah – two major works of Hanafi fiqh. The Hanafi school, established by Imam Nu’man bin Thabit, more commonly known as Abu Hanifah (May Allah be well pleased with him) (d. A.H. 150), is one of the four schools of Islamic Orthodoxy (Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah) the other schools being the schools of Imam al-Shafi’i (d. A.H. 204), Imam Malik (d. A.H. 179) and Imam Ahmad (d. A.H. 241).

The rulings of a particular madhhab are changed and altered over time, as new evidence and understandings emerge, each time referring to the original principles (usul) by which the madhhab was laid down. Allah Most High commands us in the Quran:

Ask those who recall if you know not.

(Surat al-Nahl, Ayah 43)

It is this Divine Command that we follow when learning the shari’ah and passing its knowledge on to others, meaning that we return to what the classical scholars have adhered to, ultimately returning to the primary sources of shari’ah – the Quran and sunnah. May Allah reward all those who spent their time and resources on the translating and checking of this work.

May Allah increase them in Love for Allah and His Messenger , and grant them tawfiq seeking Allah alone. We pray that Allah Most High accepts our efforts, and that He grants us tawfiq to worship Him with sincerity and Ikhlas. And Allah Most High alone grants success.

And all praise is due unto Allah. Peace and blessings be upon our master Muhammad , and upon his family and companions, one and all.

Basharat Janjua

Sha’ban A.H. 1421

2. The Blessed Month of Ramadan

The month of Ramadan is a month of grace and blessing. Upon arrival of this blessed month, Allah Most High causes His blessings and forgiveness to descend upon the one who gives this month its rights. Ramadan is the month in which Allah Most High showers His blessings upon our homes, and upon those who enter the mosques, especially the House of Allah – the Ka’bah. During Ramadan, the Mercy of Allah Most High falls upon us, like rain falling from the clouds.

One can liken the virtue of Ramadan with charity, which is of two kinds. The first kind is where one gives charity to someone whom one meets along the street or on the path. The second kind is likened to one who visits another with the intention of giving charity. Ramadan is likened to the latter; where Allah Most High causes His blessings to descend upon the ummah of the Blessed Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace). It is during this time, that little effort has the ability to earn high rewards, no matter where one is, be it in the Sacred Precinct in Makkah or in one’s home.

Allah Most High is the creator of all things. He created each year, month, day and hour. In the same way that Allah Most High has elevated the status of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) over the whole of creation; and the status of the Ka’bah over other places of worship, He has elevated and raised the month of Ramadan over all other months. This is entirely the will of Allah Most High, and a manifestation of His Omnipotent Power and Divine Will.

Allah Most High chose to reveal His Uncreated Speech – the Quran, in this blessed month, to His final and Most Beloved Prophet – Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace). Allah Most High says in the Quran:

“The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was sent down, a guidance for the people, and clear verses of guidance and a criterion.”

(Surat al-Baqarah, ayah 185)

Imam al-Tabari writes that Wathilah (Allah be well pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

The Scrolls of Abraham were revealed on the first night of the month of Ramadan, the Torah was revealed on the sixth of Ramadan, the Bible on the thirteenth, and the Quran was revealed on the twenty-fourth of Ramadan.

He also writes that Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be well pleased with him) said:

Allah caused the Quran to descend to the heaven of this world, on Laylat al-Qadr, and then when Allah wished to reveal anything from it, He revealed it. And that is what is meant by His Words, ‘Verily We have revealed the Quran in Laylat al-Qadr’.

(Tafsir al-Tabari, by Imam al-Tabari, surat al-Qadr)

Allah Most High says in the Quran:

O you who believe, fasting has been prescribed for you as it has been prescribed for those before you, so that you may attain unto piety.

(Surat al-Baqarah, Ayah 183)

Imam al-Tabari writes that Qatadah (Allah be well pleased with him) said, in reference to this ayah:

The month of Ramadan has been prescribed for the people as it was prescribed for those before them. Allah has prescribed the fast of three days of each month, before revealing the fast of Ramadan.

(Tafsir al-Tabari, by Imam al-Tabari, surat al-Qadr)

Fasting during the month of Ramadan is obligatory and is done solely for Allah Most High. In a hadith qudsi Allah Most High says:

Every action of the son of Adam belongs to him except the fast. It is Mine, and I repay him for it.

(Muslim)

There can be neither false pretension nor showing off on the part of the one who is fasting. If one is offering prayers, giving zakah, making pilgrimage or any other form of worship, others can see one’s worship but fasting is distinguished by the fact that only Allah Most High can see who is fasting and who is not.

The polytheists may perform various acts of worship for their false gods to please them. They may make vows to them, make tawaf around them, travel for them and fight in their names. However, they do not fast for them nor has it ever been recorded that they fasted for them. Indeed it is clear that the fast of Islam is the fast of the Truth.

Hafiz al-‘Asqalani, quoting from Imam al-Qurtubi, mentions the following hadith:

The bankrupt person is he who shall come on the Day of Judgment with prayer, charity and fast, but he had also swore at another person, beat another, and consumed the wealth of another. His good deeds will be taken from him, and the other person will take his good deeds. And when his good deeds are no more, before what is due upon him has been paid, he takes from their bad deeds. They will be thrown at him. Then he will be flung into the Fire.

He continues to says that there is a narration from by Abu Hurayrah (Allah be well pleased with him), in which Allah Most High says:

All actions are atonement, except for fasting. Fasting is for Me and I reward it.

(Fath al-Bari, by Hafiz al-‘Asqalani, Book of Fasting)

It can be concluded that Allah Most High loves the fast of a Muslim, as it is a means for him to become more aware and fearful of Allah Most High.

3. Fasting During Ramadan

Abu Hurayrah (Allah be well pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

When Ramadan arrives, the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.

(Bukhari and Muslim)

He (Allah be well pleased with him) also narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

Whomsoever fasts the month of Ramadan, with faith, seeking reward from Allah, his past sins will be forgiven.

(Bukhari and Muslim)

It has also been narrated by Abu Hurayrah (Allah be well pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

Allah Mighty and Majestic says, ‘Every action of the son of Adam belongs to him except the fast. It is Mine, and I repay him for it.’ Fasting is a protection. When one of you has a day of fasting, he should then speak neither obscenely nor too loudly; and if someone seeks to curse him or fight with him, let him say, ‘I am fasting.’ By Him in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad , the smell of the mouth of the one who fasts is more delectable to Allah than the scent of musk. The one who fasts has two joys in which to delight: when he breaks his fast, he rejoices; and when he meets his Lord, he rejoices in his fast.

(Muslim)

Sahl bin Sa’d (Allah be well pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:

Verily there is a gate in Paradise which is called ‘al-Rayyan’. Those who fasted will enter it on the Day of Judgement, and none shall enter it except them. It will be said, ‘Where are those who fasted?’ They will come forward and none shall enter it except them. When they have entered, the gate will be closed and none shall enter it except them.

(Bukhari and Muslim)

***

Fasting is to refrain from things that break the fast with the intention of worshiping Allah Most High. The levels of the fast are three:

1) to simply refraining from food and drink, and other things which invalidate the fast;

2) in addition to (1) above, to protect one’s eyes, ears, tongue and all other parts of the body from disobedience to Allah Most High;

3) and in addition to (1) and (2) above, to devote oneself entirely to Allah Most High, through repentance, worship and abstinence from all that distracts one from Allah Most High.

Allah Most High rewards each level of fasting, accordingly.

Fasting during Ramadan is obligatory for every one who:

a) is Muslim;

b) has reached puberty;

c) is sane;

d) is capable of bearing the fast;

e) and if female, is not in the period of menstruation or postnatal bleeding (nifas).

One must make the intention to fast for each day one fasts.

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Salaat ul-Tarawih Eight or Twenty Raka’ah?

Posted by al Adaab on August 19, 2009

Salaatul Tarawih: Eight or Twenty Raka’ah?

By Ahmed ibn Muhammad


Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Wa Sall Allahu ta ‘ala ‘alaa Sayyidina wa Mawlanaa Muhammadin wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Sallam

In a handout by some misguided people, there appeared the following question and answer (No. 22):

(a) Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) reports that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) never prayed more than 8 rak’aats in Taraweeh, so how come nobody disapproves of 20?

(b) Is it true that Umar (Allah be pleased with him) introduced it?

Answer:

(a) As regards the Taraweeh prayer – people agree that the Sunnah of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and the best way is 11 rak’aats. As regards any addition – then this is DISAPPROVED of and DECLARED AS A BID’AH (A bad innovation).

(b) It is not true that Umar (Allah be pleased with him) either prayed or ordered 20 rak’aats. Rather he ordered Ubayy ibn Ka’b to lead the people with 11 rak’aats (al-Muwatta 1/137, with a Sahih Isnad).

It should be said that the vast MAJORITY of the scholars of Hadith, Fiqh, and even the four Mujtahid Imams are in agreement that 20 rak’ahs are the most appropriate, followed by 3 rak’ahs of Witr.

First, it should be said that the Hadith reported from Sayyidah Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anhaa) about 11 rak’ahs is not at all to do with Taraweeh, according to the majority of scholars, but in fact concerns the number of rak’ahs of TAHAJJUD prayer! The Hadith in question is as follows:-

Narrated Abu Salama ibn Abdur Rahman that he asked Aisha (Allah be pleased with her), “How was the prayer of Allah’s Apostle (Peace be upon him) in Ramadan?” She replied, “He did not pray more than eleven raka’at in Ramadan or in any other month. He used to pray four raka’at – let alone their beauty and length – and then he would pray four – let alone their beauty and length – and then he would pray three rak’aat (witr).” She added, “I asked, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Do you sleep before praying the Witr?’ He replied, ‘O Aisha, My eyes sleep but my heart does not sleep.'” (Bukhari, 3/230, English edn)

According to the author of “Fatawa Rahimiyyah“, Mufti Abdur Rahim Lajpuri (vol. 1, pg. 275); in his defence of 20 rak’ahs of Taraweeh: “The commentator of al-Sahih al-Bukhari and the erudite traditionist, Shaykh Shamsud-Din al-Kermani (d. 786 AH; Rahimahullah) said: ‘In the Hadith (above), the Tahajjud prayer is meant. Abu Salama’s question and Hadrat Aisha’s answer concerned the Tahajjud.’ He adds further: ‘If the Tahajjud prayer is not meant, then this tradition will be at variance with the tradition that states that the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) led twenty rak’ahs each for two nights, and in the case of such clash the tradition of twenty rakah’s which is affirmative (muthbit) shall have precedence because according to the principles of Hadith, the affirmative takes precedence over the negative (naaf)” (vide: Al-Kawakib ud-Durari Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, vol. 9, pg 155-156). We say, does this not mean that people who perform 8 rak’ahs of Taraweeh, should pray 20 rak’ahs instead? Since according to the principles of Hadith, “The affirmative takes precedence over the negative in certain cases.”

A great fact that should also be noted by the reader is that the Imam’s of Hadith have placed the Hadith from Sayyidah Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha) under the section of Tahajjud prayers, which indicates their belief that the Hadith applies to Tahajjud only. The Imam al-Muhaddithin al-Bukhari (Radhi Allahu ta’ala Anhu) has placed the Hadith from Sayyidah Aisha under at least two sections of his Sahih, first under the section of ’21: The Tahajjud Prayer at Night’ (see Sahih al-Bukhari, vol. 2, chapter 15, no. 248, English ed’n) and then under the section of ’32: The Book of Taraweeh Prayers‘ (see Sahih al-Bukhari, 3/230, pg. 128 English ed’n). This means that al-Imam Bukhari believed that the prayer mentioned by Aisha was that of Tahajjud only, and since the Tahajjud prayer is performed also in Ramadan, then Imam Bukhari also quoted the same Hadith under ‘The book of Taraweeh prayers‘, but Allah knows best. Imam Muslim (Rahimahullah) has also placed the Hadith from Aisha under the Tahajjud prayer section (see Sahih Muslim 1/1607, pg. 356, English ed’n). Also Imam Malik (Rahimahullah) has placed Sayyidah Aisha’s Hadith under the Book of Tahajjud (see Al-Muwatta, Book 7, section 7.2, no. 9, pg. 5, English ed’n). Al-Imam Abi Dawud (Rahimahullah) has also placed the same Hadith under the chapter ‘On the number of Rak’ahs of the prayer at night (Tahajjud)’ (see Abi Dawud 1/1336, pg. 351, English version). Even Imam’s Tirmidhi and Nisai (Allah’s mercy be upon them) placed Aisha’s Hadith under the Tahajjud section (see Tirmidhi, vol. 1, pg. 58 and Nisai, vol. 1, pg.154).

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Merits of Sha’baan and Nisful Sha’baan Shaabi Baraa’at

Posted by al Adaab on July 24, 2009

Bismillair Rahmanir Rahim

Wa Sall Allahu ta ‘ala alaa Sayidinaa wa Mawlaana Muhammadiw

wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa sallam

Merits of Sha’baan and Nisful Sha’baan Shaabi Baraa’at
From

Ghunyat lit-Taalibi

Of Sayyidinaa El Sheikh Muhyuddin Abdul Qadir El Jilani
{Quddusus Sirruhoo}

The Sixth Discourse

On the special merit of the month of Sha’baan, and the divine forgiveness [maghfirah] and good pleasure [ridwaan]

sent down on the middle night of that month.

Hazrat A’isha, the wife of the Prophet (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim wa Rahdiyallahu anhaa), is reported as having said:

Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to fast until we would say he was never going to stop fasting, and he would go so long without fasting that we would say he was never going to fast, but I never saw Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) continue a fast from the beginning to the end of any month except the month of Ramadaan, [apart from which] I never saw him do more fasting in any month than he did in Sha’baan.

Hazrat ‘A’isha (Radhiyallahu anhaa) is also reported as having said:

Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to fast until we would say he was never going to stop fasting, and go so long without fasting that we would say he was never going to fast.  The fasting he liked best was that he did in Sha’baan, so I said to him:  “O Messenger of Allaah, how is it I always see you fasting in Sha’baan?” and he said (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim): “O ‘A’isha, it is the month in which the Angel of Death has to note down the name of anyone whose soul he must take before the year is out, so I would rather he did not record my name except while I am fasting.”

Hazrat Umm Salama (Radhiyallahu anhaa) is reported as having said:

In no other month, apart from Ramadaan, did Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) fast more often than in Sha’baan.  And that was because, each Sha’baan, all who must die in the course of that year have their names transcribed from the list of the living onto that of the dead, and a man may embark on a journey even while his name is listed among those about to die.

Hazrat Anas [ibn Maalik] (Radhiyallahu anhu) once said:

When asked about the most meritorious fasting, the Prophet (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said:  “Fasting in Sha’baan in honor of Ramadaan.”

Hazrat ‘Ubaidu’llaah ibn Qais once heard ‘A’isha (Radhiyallahu anhaa) say: “The dearest of months to Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) was Sha’baan, which he would link to Ramadaan.”

According to Hazrat ‘Abdullaah (Radhiyallahu anhu), Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said:

Anyone who fasts on the last Monday of Sha’baan will be granted forgiveness.  -meaning the last Monday that falls within it, not as the very last day of the month, for it is forbidden to anticipate the month [of Ramadaan] by one or two days.

Anas ibn Maalik (Radhiyallahu anhu) is the authority for the report that Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said:

“It is called Sha’baan simply because it is juxtaposed [yansha’ibu] to Ramadaan, containing many blessings, while Ramadaan is so called because it scorches [yurmidu] sins.”

Allaah (Exalted is He) has said:

Your Lord creates and chooses what He wills. wa Rabbuka yakhluqu maa yashaa’u wa yakhtaar. (Holy Qur’an, 28:68). Thus Allaah (Exalted is He) has selected four out of each kind of thing, then He has chosen one of the four:


From among the Angels, He selected Gabriel [Jibriil], Michael [Miikaa’iil], Israafiil and ‘Azraa’iil, then He chose Gabriel from these four.

From all the Ambiyaa (Sallallahu alayhim ajma’een), the four He selected were Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad (Allaah bless them all, and give them peace), then of these He chose Muhammad (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim).

The four He selected from among the Companions (Radhiyallahu anhum) were Abuu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan and ‘Alii, and His preferred choice was Abuu Bakr (Radhiyallahu anhu).

The four mosques:  The Sanctuary Mosque [by the Ka’ba in Mecca], al-Aqsaa Mosque [in Jerusalem], the Mosque of Medina the Ennobled City, and the Mosque of Mount Sinai.  Of these He chose the Sanctuary Mosque [al-Masjid al-Haraam].

The four days:  The Day of Breaking Fast [Yawm al-Fitr], the Day of Sacrifice [Yawm al-Adhaa], the Day of ‘Arafa, and the Day of ‘Ashuuraa.’  Of these He then chose the Day of ‘Arafa.

The four nights:  The Night of Absolution [Lailat al-Baraa’a], the Night of Power [Lailat al-Qadr], the Night of Friday Congregation [Lailat al-Jum’a], and the Night of the Festival [Lailat al-‘Id].  Of these He chose the Night of Power.

The four sites:  Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and the Mosques of the Tribes [Masaajid al-‘Ashaa’ir].  Of these He chose Mecca.

The four mountains:  Uhud, Sinai, Likaam, and Lebanon [Lubnaan]. Of these He chose Mount Sinai.

The four rivers:  Jaihuun, Saihuun, the Euphrates [al-Furaat] and the Nile [an-Niil].  Of these He chose the Euphrates.

The four months:  Rajab, Sha’baan, Ramadaan, and al-Muharram. Of these He chose the month of Sha’baan, and made it the Prophet’s own month (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim).  So, just as the Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is the most excellent of Ambiya, his month is the most excellent of months. Read the rest of this entry »

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Merits of Sha’baan and Nisful Sha.baan

Posted by al Adaab on August 24, 2007

 

 

Merits of Sha’baan and Nisful Sha’baan Shaabi Baraa’at
From Ghunyat lit-Taalibi Of Sayyidinaa El Sheikh Muhyuddin Abdul Qadir El Jilani


{Quddusus Sirruhoo}

 

The Sixth Discourse

On the special merit of the month of Sha’baan, and the divine forgiveness [maghfirah] and good pleasure [ridwaan] sent down on the middle night of that month.

 

Sayyida A’isha, the wife of the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim wa Rahdiyallahu anhaa), is reported as having said:

Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to fast until we would say he was never going to stop fasting, and he would go so long without fasting that we would say he was never going to fast, but I never saw Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) continue a fast from the beginning to the end of any month except the month of Ramadaan, [apart from which] I never saw him do more fasting in any month than he did in Sha’baan.

Sayyida ‘Aisha (Radhi Allahu anhaa) is also reported as having said:

Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to fast until we would say he was never going to stop fasting, and go so long without fasting that we would say he was never going to fast. The fasting he liked best was that he did in Sha’baan, so I said to him: “O Messenger of Allaah, how is it I always see you fasting in Sha’baan?” and he said (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim):
“O ‘A’isha, it is the month in which the Angel of Death has to note down the name of anyone whose soul he must take before the year is out, so I would rather he did not record my name except while I am fasting.”

Sayyidinaa Umm Salama (Radhi Allahu anhaa) is reported as having said:

In no other month, apart from Ramadaan, did Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) fast more often than in Sha’baan. And that was because, each Sha’baan, all who must die in the course of that year have their names transcribed from the list of the living onto that of the dead, and a man may embark on a journey even while his name is listed among those about to die.

Sayyidinaa Anas [ibn Maalik] (Radhi Allahu anhu) once said:

When asked about the most meritorious fasting, the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said: “Fasting in Sha’baan in honor of Ramadaan.”

Sayyidinaa ‘Ubaidu’llaah ibn Qais once heard ‘A’isha (Radhi Allahu anhaa) say:

“The dearest of months to Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) was Sha’baan, which he would link to Ramadaan.”

According to Sayyidinaa ‘Abdullaah (Radhi Allahu anhu), Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said:

Anyone who fasts on the last Monday of Sha’baan will be granted forgiveness. -meaning the last Monday that falls within it, not as the very last day of the month, for it is forbidden to anticipate the month [of Ramadaan] by one or two days.

Anas ibn Maalik (Radhi Allahu anhu) is the authority for the report that Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said:

“It is called Sha’baan simply because it is juxtaposed [yansha’ibu] to Ramadaan, containing many blessings, while Ramadaan is so called because it scorches [yurmidu] sins.”

Allaah (Exalted is He) has said:

Your Lord creates and chooses what He wills. wa Rabbuka yakhluqu maa yashaa’u wa yakhtaar. (Holy Qur’an, 28:68)

Thus Allaah (Exalted is He) has selected four out of each kind of thing, then He has chosen one of the four:


From among the Angels, He selected Gabriel [Jibriil], Michael [Miikaa’iil], Israafiil and Azraa’iil, then He chose Gabriel from these four.

 

From all the Ambiyaa (Salawaat Allahu alayhim ajma’een), the four He selected were Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad (Allaah bless them all, and give them peace), then of these He chose Muhammad (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim).

 

The four He selected from among the Companions (Radhi Allahu anhum) were Abuu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan and ‘Alii, and His preferred choice was Abuu Bakr (Radhi Allahu anhu).

 

The four mosques: The Sanctuary Mosque [by the Ka’ba in Mecca], al-Aqsaa Mosque [in Jerusalem], the Mosque of Medina the Ennobled City, and the Mosque of Mount Sinai. Of these He chose the Sanctuary Mosque [al-Masjid al-Haraam].

 

The four days: The Day of Breaking Fast [Yawm al-Fitr], the Day of Sacrifice [Yawm al-Adhaa], the Day of ‘Arafa, and the Day of ‘Ashuuraa.’ Of these He then chose the Day of ‘Arafa.

 

The four nights: The Night of Absolution [Lailat al-Baraa’a], the Night of Power [Lailat al-Qadr], the Night of Friday Congregation [Lailat al-Jum’a], and the Night of the Festival [Lailat al-‘Id]. Of these He chose the Night of Power.

 

The four sites: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and the Mosques of the Tribes [Masaajid al-‘Ashaa’ir]. Of these He chose Mecca.

 

The four mountains: Uhud, Sinai, Likaam, and Lebanon [Lubnaan]. Of these He chose Mount Sinai.

 

The four rivers: Jaihuun, Saihuun, the Euphrates [al-Furaat] and the Nile [an-Niil]. Of these He chose the Euphrates.

 

The four months: Rajab, Sha’baan, Ramadaan, and al-Muharram. Of these He chose the month of Sha’baan, and made it the Prophet’s own month (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim). So, just as the Nabi (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is the most excellent of Ambiya, his month is the most excellent of months.

 

According to Abuu Huraira (Radhi Allahu anhu), the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said:

“Sha’baan is my month, Rajab is Allaah’s month, and Ramadaan is the month of my Community. Sha’baan is the expiator, while Ramadaan is the purifier.”

He also said (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim):

Sha’baan is a month between Rajab and Ramadaan. People tend to neglect it, but that is when the deeds of His servants ascend to the Lord of All the Worlds, so I would rather mine rose up while I was fasting.

According to Anas ibn Maalik (Radhi Allahu anhu), the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said:

“The excellence of Rajab over other months is like the excellence of the Qur’aan over all other speech, while the excellence of Sha’baan over other months is like my excellence over the rest of the Prophets, and the excellence of Ramadaan over other months is like the excellence of Allaah (Exalted is He) over all His creatures.”

Anas ibn Maalik (Radhi Allahu anhu) is also reported as having said:

“When the Companions of the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) beheld the new moon of Sha’baan, they would immerse themselves in reading their copies of the Qur’aan. The Muslims would pay the alms-due [zakaat] assessed on their wealth, thereby providing the means for the weak and the poor to fortify themselves in preparation for the fasting of the month of Ramadaan. The governors would summon the prison inmates, to carry out the sentence on those convicted of major offences under Islamic law, and to set the rest free. Businessmen would set about paying their debts and collecting their dues. Then, when they beheld the new moon of Ramadaan, they would bathe themselves and devote themselves to worship.”

On the meanings of the five Arabic letters of the word Sha’baan.

 

The word Sha’baan [in the Arabic script] is spelled with five letters:
shiin, ‘ain, baa’, alif and nuun. The shiin stands for sharaf [nobility], the ‘ain for ‘uluww [sublimity], the baa’ for birr [piety], the alif for ulfa [harmonious intimacy], and the nuun for nuur [radiant light].

 

These are the gifts from Allaah (Exalted is He) to His servant in this month. It is a month in which treasures are laid open, in which blessings are sent down, in which faults are forsworn, in which sins are expiated, and in which benedictions are multiplied upon Muhammad (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), the best of human creatures.

This is the month of blessings upon the Chosen Prophet. Allaah (Exalted is He) has said,

Inna ‘llaaha wa malaa’ikata-hu yusalluuna ‘ala ‘n-Nabiyy: yaa ayyuha ‘lladhiina aamanuu salluu ‘alai-hi wa sallimuu tasliimaa. (Allaah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O you who believe invoke blessings upon him and salute him with a worthy salutation.) (Holy Qur’aan 33:56)

The blessing from Allaah is mercy; from the angels, intercession and petition for forgiveness; and from the believers, supplication and appreciation.

According to Mujaahid (Radhi Allahu anhu):

“The blessing from Allaah is prosperity and virtue; from the angels, help and support; and from the believers, compliance and respect.”

It was Ibn ‘Ataa’ who said:

“The blessing on the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) from Allaah (Exalted is He) is conjunction, from the angels it is tender care, and from the believers it is following with affection.”

As someone else put it:

“The blessing of the Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) upon His Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is the enhancement of respect. The blessing of the angels upon him (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is the display of gracious favor. The blessing of his Community upon him (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is the request for intercession.”

As he himself (The Holy Last Messenger, Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) has told us:

When someone pronounces a single blessing on me, Allaah blesses him ten times.

Far from being negligent during this month, therefore, every conscientious believer is obliged to exert himself in preparation for the coming month of Ramadaan, using the days that remain to get clear of sins and repent those committed in the past. One should beseech Allaah (Exalted is He) in the month of Sha’baan. One should appeal to Allaah (Exalted is He) through the owner of the month, Muhammad (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), until the corruption of one’s heart is corrected, and the sickness of one’s inner being is cured.

 

This must be done without delay and not put off until tomorrow, for the days are three: yesterday, which is a date in history [ajal]; today, which is a time for action [‘amal]; and tomorrow, which is a hopeful expectation [amal], for whether you will get there or not is beyond your ken. Thus yesterday is a caution, today is an opportunity, and tomorrow is a risk.

 

The months are likewise three: Rajab, now past and gone beyond return; Ramadaan, awaiting in a future you may not live to see; and in between we have Sha’baan, so let us seize this opportunity for worshipful devotion.

The Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said to a man (some say it was ‘Abdu’llaah ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab, Radhi Allahu anhu) by way of stern advice:

Make the most of five before five: youth before old age; health before sickness; wealth before poverty; ease before business, and life before death.

Concerning the Night of Absolution [Lailat al-Baraa’a], its special mercy, grace and merits. Allaah (Almighty and Glorious is He) has said:

Haa-Miim. Haa-Miim: wa ‘l-Kitaabi ‘l-mubiini innaa anzalnaa-hu fii lailatin mubaarakatin.

By the Book that makes plain; We sent it down on a blessed night. (Holy Qur’an 44:1-3)

According to the greatest Faqih in al-Islam, Sayyidinaa Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radhi Allahu anhu, and with his father),

” ‘Haa-Miim’ means that Allaah has predetermined everything in existence till the Day of Resurrection. ‘The Book that makes plain’ is the Qur’aan, which is also the object referred to in ‘We sent it down.’ The ‘blessed night’ is the night of mid-Sha’baan, which is the Night of Absolution.”

In the Qur’aan, Allaah (Exalted is He) calls many things ‘blessed,’ including the Qur’aan itself, of which He has said:

Wa haadhaa dhikrun mubaarakun anzalnaa-h.

This is a blessed Reminder that We have revealed (Holy Qur’an 21:50).

Part of its blessedness is that one who reads it and believes in it enjoys right guidance and salvation from the Fire, and these benefits are also passed by extension to his ascendants and descendants. As the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) has said:

When someone reads the Qur’aan from the written text, Allaah (Almighty and Glorious is He) alleviates the torment of his parents, even if they were unbelievers.

One of the things Allaah (Almighty and Glorious is He) calls ‘blessed’ is water, for He has said:

Wa nazzalnaa mina ‘s-samaa’i maa’an mubaarakan.

And down from the sky We have sent blessed water. (Holy Qur’an 50:9)

Part of its blessedness lies in the fact that all life depends on it. In the words of Allaah (Almighty and Glorious is He):

wa ja’alnaa mina ‘l-maa’i kulla shai’in hayy: a-fa-laa yu’minuun.

And We made every living thing from water Will they not then believe? (Holy Qur’an 21:30).

Water is said to contain ten subtle properties: delicateness, suppleness, energy, fluency, limpidity, mobility, moistness, coolness, humility and vitality. Allaah (Exalted is He) has imbued the conscientious believer [mu’min labiib] with these same properties, namely, refinement of the heart, flexibility of temperament, energy in obedient service, politeness of the personality, purity of behavior, movement in good works, moistness in the eye, coolness toward sinful transgressions, humility toward fellow creatures, and vitality in heeding the truth.

The olive tree is another thing called ‘blessed’ by Allaah (Exalted and Glorious is He):

Min shajaratin mubaarakatin zaituunatin.

From a blessed tree, an olive (Holy Qur’an 24:35)

This was the first tree from which Adam (peace be upon him) ate when he was cast down to earth. It contains nourishment and enlightenment. In the words of Allaah (Exalted is He):

Wa sibghin li’l-aakiliin.

“And relish for the eaters.” (Holy Qur’an 23:20)

Some say the ‘blessed tree’ is Sayyidinaa Ibraahiim (Alayhis-Salaam), some say it is the Holy Qur’aan, and others say it is true faith. Still others say it is the tranquil soul of the believer, insistent on good conduct, obedient to commandment, restrained by prohibition ,submitted to destiny, conforming to the Lord in what He has decreed and ruled.


Sayyidinaa Jesus (Alayhis-Salaam) is also among those Allaah (Almighty and Glorious is He) calls ‘blessed’:

Wa ja’ala-nii mubaarakan aina-maa kuntu.

[Jesus said]: “And He has made me blessed wherever I may be.” (Holy Qur’an 19:31)

His blessedness (peace be upon him) includes the sprouting of the fruit from the date palm for his faithful mother, Sayyidinaa Maryam (The Blessed Mother Mary, peace be upon both mother and son), and the gushing forth of water beneath him.

In the words of the Almighty and Glorious One:

Fa-naadaa-haa min tahti-haa allaa tahzanii qad ja’ala Rabbu-ki tahta-ki sariyyaa: wa huzzii ilai-ki bi-jidh’i ‘n-nakhlati tusaaqit ‘alai-ki rutaban janiyyaa: fa-kulii wa ‘shrabii wa qarrii ‘ainaa.”

Then [a voice] cried to her from below her, saying: “Grieve not, for your Lord has placed a rivulet beneath you. And shake the trunk of the palm-tree toward you: It will cause ripe dates to fall upon you. So eat and drink and be consoled. (Holy Qur’an 19:24-26) .

Among other good deeds and miracles, he healed the blind and cured the leper, and brought the dead to life by his supplication.
The Ka’ba is one of the things called ‘blessed’ by Allaah (Almighty and Glorious is He):

Inna awwala Baitin wudi’a li’n-naasi la-‘lladhii bi-Bakkata mubaarakan.


The first House appointed for mankind was that at Bakka, a blessed place. (Holy Qur’an 3:96)


Part of its blessedness is that one who enters it, bearing a heavy load of sins, will come out having been forgiven. Allaah (Exalted is He) has said:

Wa man dakhala-hu kaana aaminaa.

And anyone who enters it is safe. (Holy Qur’an 3:97)

So if someone enters the House as a believer, aware of his sins and repentant, Allaah waives his punishment, accepts his repentance and forgives him. It is also said that anyone who enters it is immune to wrongdoing, as long as he remains within the Sacred Precinct. It is therefore unlawful to kill the game there, or to fell the trees.

 

The sanctity of the Ka’ba is due to the sanctity of Allaah, the sanctity of the Mosque to the sanctity of the Ka’ba, the sanctity of the Mecca to the sanctity of the Mosque, and the sanctity of the Sacred Precinct to the sanctity of Mecca. As it is said: “The Ka’ba is a Qibla [direction of prayer] for the people of the Mosque, the Mosque is a Qibla for the people of Mecca, Mecca is a Qibla for the people of the Sacred Precinct, and the Sacred Precinct is a Qibla for the people of the earth.

 

The Night of Absolution has also been called ‘blessed’, because it is a vessel for the mercy, blessing, benefit, pardon and forgiveness descending for the people on earth.

According to Abuu Nasr, the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is reported as having said:

On the night of the middle of Sha’baan, Allaah (Exalted is He) descends to the heaven of this lower world and forgives every Muslim, excepting only the idolater, the bearer of malice, the breaker of family ties, or the woman who is sexually promiscuous.

Again from Abuu Nasr, we learn that Sayyida ‘Aisha(Radhi Allahu anhaa) once said:

“When it was the night of mid-Sha’baan, the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) had removed a garment of mine.” Then she added, “By Allaah! That garment of mine was not of silk, nor of raw silk, nor of linen, nor of silk and wool, nor of wool.” [The reporter said:] “‘Glory be to Allaah!’ I said to her, ‘So what was it made of?'” She replied: “Its warp was of hair and its weft was of silk. I reckoned that he (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) might have gone to one of his [other] wives, so I got up and searched for him in the [darkness of the] apartment. My hand made contact with his feet, as he was prostrate in worship. Of his prayer (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), I remember these words:
Prostrate before You are my form and my spirit, and my heart is in Your safekeeping. I acknowledge Your favors, and to You I confess my sin. I have wronged myself, so forgive me; surely none forgives sins but You. I seek refuge with Your pardon from Your punishment, with Your mercy from Your vengeance, with Your approval from Your displeasure. I seek refuge with You from You. I do not tell Your praises, for You are as You have extolled Yourself. She continued: “So he did not cease from worship, now standing and now sitting [on his heels], until morning came. Then his feet were put up, and as I massaged them I said: ‘My father be your ransom and my mother too! Surely Allaah has forgiven your former and your latter sins? Surely Allaah has dealt with you? Is it not so? Is it not so?’ “He replied (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim): ‘O ‘A’isha, shall I not therefore be a grateful servant? Do you know what happens during this night?’ ‘What happens?’ I asked, and he said: ‘This is when all births are recorded for this year, and every death is registered. This is when provisions are allotted to mankind, and their deeds and actions are gathered up.’ “‘O Messenger of Allaah,’ said I, ‘Will no one enter Paradise except by Allaah’s mercy?’ ‘No one will enter Paradise except by Allaah’s mercy,’ he told me (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) . ‘Not even you?’ I asked. ‘Not even I,’ said he (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), ‘unless Allaah envelops me with His mercy.’ Then he rubbed his hand over his head and his face.”

The following account, which I also received from Abuu Nasr, tells how Sayyida ‘Aisha(Radhi Allahu anhaa) related that Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) once said to her:

“O ‘A’isha, what night is this?” She replied, “Allaah and His Messenger know best.” Then he said: “The night of the middle of Sha’baan, during which worldly actions and the deeds of mankind are carried aloft. As numerous as the wool on the flocks of the tribe of Kalb, are Allaah’s slaves emancipated this night from the Fire of Hell. So will you excuse me tonight?”
She said: “I said yes, so he performed his prayer like this: He held the upright position only briefly, and recited al-Hamd and a short Suura; then he stayed in prostration till the middle of the night; then he stood up to begin the second cycle with a recitation similar to the first, and then his prostration lasted until dawn.”
‘A’isha (Radhi Allahu anhaa) went on to say: “I watched him till I thought that Allaah (Exalted is He) had taken His Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), then, after a long time had elapsed, I got close enough to touch the soles of his feet. He stirred, and I heard him say in his prostration: ‘I take refuge with Your pardon from Your punishment. I take refuge with Your approval from Your displeasure. I take refuge with You from You. Glorious be Your praise! I do not spell out praises upon You, for You are as You have extolled Yourself.’
“I said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, tonight I have heard you utter something, during your prostration, that I never heard you mention before?’ ‘And have you learned it?’ he asked (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim). When I said yes, he (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) told me: ‘Study those words and teach them, for Gabriel (peace be upon him) instructed me to repeat them during the prostration.'”

sajda_dua

According to another report, of which Abuu Nasr informed me, Sayyida ‘Aisha(Radhi Allahu anhaa) once said:

“I could not find Allaah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) one night, so I went outside and there he was in the grove, his head turned up toward the sky. Then he said to me: ‘Were you afraid that Allaah and His Messenger would treat you unfairly?’ I replied: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, I thought you had gone to one of your [other] wives.’ He said (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim): ‘On the night of mid-Sha’baan, Allaah (Exalted is He) descends to the lowest heaven and forgives more than the number of woolly hairs on the flocks and herds of [the tribe of] Kalb.'”

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