Al Adaab: An Ahl as Sunnah Perspective

Traditional Islamic Resources

A Tradition Concerning the Enemies of Satan

Posted by al Adaab on November 11, 2009

A Tradition Concerning the Enemies of Satan

From

Irshad: Wisdom of a Sufi Master

By Sheikh Muzaffar Ozak Jerrahi Khalwati (Rahimuhullah)

This is related by the venerable Anas ibn Malik [Radhi Allahu ‘anhu]:

“One day, in the house of Abu Ayyub [Radhi Allahu ‘anhu]: we were sitting together in the company of our Master, the blessed Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam). Suddenly, we heard a very ugly voice calling from outside. “O Messenger of Allah, have I your permission to enter?”  Our Master (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam) asked us: “Do you recognize that voice? When we replied: “Allah and His Messenger know best,” our Master (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam) said: “That is the voice of Satan.”

“The venerable Umar [Radhi Allahu ‘anhu] got up and said: “O Messenger of Allah, by your leave let me go and smash the deceiver’s skull. Let me deliver the people from his mischief.” But our Master (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam) told him: “It is not within your power to do so, Umar, for he has been given respite till the Resurrection. Nobody can touch him.”

“We all fell silent, waiting to see what might happen. Our Master (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam) said: “There is always an underlying reason for things. Otherwise he would not have come here.” He then gave permission for the devil to enter his presence. In he came, his face very ugly, blind in one eye and with a few hairs on his chin. He explained that he had come at Allah’s command saying: “Had I not come, the Exalted Lord would have tormented me as long as I was on earth. You are to question me, and I am to answer your queries.”

“Our Master, (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam), then asked Satan: “who are your enemies? To this he replied: “My enemies are fifteen groups of people. First of all, my chief foes are you and all the Prophets.”

“What you say is true,” said the blessed Messenger (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam): “Neither I nor any of the Prophets have any love for you. You are both my greatest enemy and that of all the Prophets.” Satan then proceeded to enumerate his other foes:

“My second enemies are scholars who put their learning into practice. They not only study and teach, but also act on what they learn.”

“My third enemies are the righteous who recite the Holy Quran and model their character on what they read.”

“My fourth enemies are those who give the Call to Prayer for Allah’s sake.”

“My fifth enemies are the poor who are satisfied with their lot.”

“My sixth enemies are the compassionate.”

“My seventh enemies are the generous.”

“My eighth enemies are those who perform the early morning prayer on time.”

“My ninth enemies are those who advise the people and call them to Allah, those who reform the people.”

“My tenth enemies are those who abstain from unlawful food and avoid fornication and adultery.”

“My eleventh enemies are those who are always in a state of ritual purity, ready for worship.”

“My twelfth enemies are the modest.”

“My thirteenth enemies are those who place all their trust in Allah.”

“My fourteenth enemies are those who give pleasure to the poor and needy.”

“My fifteenth enemies are those called pious and devout, who are always busy in the service of their Exalted Lord.”

Our Master (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Salaam): “Have you any friends among my Community” What are the characteristics of your friends?”  To this Satan replied: “O Messenger, ten classes of people are my friends:


First, tyrannical rulers and princes who oppress the people. Second, the arrogant. Third, scholars who are the lackeys of tyrants, who cannot tell them the truth, but hide it and confirm their falsehoods. Fourth, dishonest tradesmen who cannot be trusted in business. Fifth, those who take strong drink. Sixth, confidence tricksters and black marketeers. Seventh, backbiters and slanderous gossips.  Eighth, usurers, those who take interest. Ninth, liars and blasphemers. Tenth, informers, intriguers who stir up enmity and cause friends to quarrel and fall out with one another.”

Here we have listed all the friends and foes of Satan. Those who worship are his foes, while those who do not worship are his friends. Is it possible to conceive of a spiritual teacher, a saint, who not only fails to worship Allah personally, but even prevents others from doing so? Anyone who keeps people from their five daily prayers, who make them break their fast, is indeed an intimate friend-not of Allah, but of Satan. He is an enemy of the Exalted Lord. We shall see the true condition of such people on the coming Day of Resurrection. They will have a hard time explaining themselves to their deluded and misguided disciples who will say to them, as they are cast into the fire:

“We were only following you, so can you give us some relief from Allah’s punishment?” (14:21)

They will reply: “Had Allah guided us, we would have guided you.” (14:21)

“It makes no difference now, whether we panic or patiently endure.” (14:21)

“For us there is no refuge.” (14:21)

The false teachers will try to blame it all on Satan. But when they start to shower their curses on him, Satan will emerge from the fire upon a throne, addressing them with these words:

Satan will say: “Allah made you a promise true. I also made you promises, but I have left you in the lurch. I had no power over you. I only called you and you answered me. Therefore do not blame me but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I did not believe in the divine partnership you once ascribed to me.” For the evildoers there is indeed a painful punishment. (14:22)

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