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The Permissibility of Saying “Yaa Rasulullah” Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim

Posted by al Adaab on December 12, 2007

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The Permissibility of Saying

 

“Yaa Rasulullah” Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim

 

by

 

IMAM-E-AHLE SUNNAT, ASH SHAH IMAM AHMED RAZA BAREILVI AL-QADERI (RADI ALLAHU ANHU)

 

 

AN ISLAMIC JUDICIAL QUERY

 

 

 

Editors note: In keeping with our stated intent, this information is being made available in response to a questioner as to why Al-adaab.org has the phrase “Ya Muhammad“  Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim on its’ site.

 

 

QUESTION: What is the ruling of the Ulema of Islam on the following matter:

 

Zaid, who is a Muslim and believes in Almighty Allah and the Prophethood of his beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), recites after every Salaah and at other times, the following verses: As Salaatu Was Salaamu Alaika Ya Rasoolullah“Peace and Blessings upon you, O Messenger of Allah.”Or As Alukash Shafaa’atu Ya Rasoolullah“I seek from you Shafaa’at (Intercession), O Messenger of Allah.”

 

I ask the learned Scholars of Islam:

 

(1) Are such calls to the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) permitted in Islam?

 

(2) What is the ruling of the Learned Scholars concerning individuals who refer to those who call to the Prophets and Saints as Kaafirs and Mushriks?

 

Please enlighten us on this. We pray that you enjoy the mercy of Allah on the Day of Judgement. Aameen.

 

ANSWER:

 

Alhamudullilahi wa Kafaa Was Salaatu Was Salaamu alaa Habeebihil Mustafa wa Aalihi Wa Ashaabihi Oolis Sidqi Was Safaa

 

The utterance of the above words are indeed permitted and no person other than those who are misled would argue with it. For reference on this matter, we shall consult the following great Jurists of Islam and their books:-

 

A. “Shifa-us-Siqaam”, by Imaam Taqi’udeen Abul Hasan Subki (radi Allahu anhu),

 

B. “Mawaahibbe Ladunnia”, by Imaam Ahmed Qastalaani (radi Allahu anhu), being the Sharah (Commentary) of Sahih-ul-Bukhari,

 

C. “Sharah of the Muwaahibbe Laddunnia”, by Allama Zarqaani (radi Allahu anhu),

 

D. “Mutaali-ul-Mussarraat” by Imaam Allama Faasi (radi Allahu anhu),

 

E. “Sharah of Mishkaat”, by Allama Mulla Ali Qaari (radi Allahu anhu),

 

E. “Ashatul Lamaat”, including the books, “Jazbul Quloob” and “Madaarijun Nubuwat”, by Shaikh Muhaqqiq Allama Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehlwi (radi Allahu anhu),

 

G. “Afdalul Qur’a”, which is the “Sharah of Ummul Qur’a” by Imaam ibn Hajar Makki (radi Allahu anhu).

 

I will now quote a Hadith, proving that it is permissible to utter the above mentioned words. This Hadith has been certified authentic by the following great Scholars of Islam:-

 

A. Imaam Nisaai (radi Allahu anhu),

 

B. Imaam Tirmidhi (radi Allahu anhu),

 

C. Imaam ibn Maaja (radi Allahu anhu),

 

D. Imaam Haakim (radi Allahu anhu),

 

E. Imaam Baihaqi (radi Allahu anhu),

 

F. Imaam ibn Hazeema (radi Allahu anhu),

 

G. Imaam Abul Qasim Tabraani (radi Allahu anhu),

 

H. Imaam Manzari (radi Allahu anhu),

 

I. Imaam Muslim (radi Allahu anhu),

 

J. Imaam Bukhari (radi Allahu anhu).

 

(1) All the above mentioned Scholars of Ahadith, narrate on the authority of Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu), that a Sahabi who was blind by birth was taught a special Du’a by the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), which he was to recite after every Salaah.

 

The Du’a is as follows: Allahumma Inni As Aluka Wa Ata Wajjahu Ilaika Binabiyika Muhammadin Nabiyyir rahmati Ya Muhammadu Inni Ata Wajjahu Bika ila Rabbi Fi Haajati haazihi lituqda li. Allahumma Fashaf’fi’u Fiya. “O Allah, I ask from you, and turn towards you through the Wasila (Medium) of Your Nabi Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), who is indeed a Prophet of Mercy. O Muhammad, with your Wasila (Medium) I turn towards Allah for my need so that it may be bestowed. O Allah, accept the Prophet’s intercession for me.”

 

(2) Imaam Tabraani (radi Allahu anhu), in his “Muhjam” records the following incident:

 

A person in dire need visited Ameerul Mu’mineen Hazrat Uthman Ghani (radi Allah anhu). The Caliph was busy with some other work and he did not attend to his need. Thereafter, the person went to Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu) and complained about the matter. Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu) ordered the man to perform the Wudhu (ablution), enter the musjid and to offer two Rakaats of Nafil Salaah. He was then to recite the following Du’a:Allahumma Inni As Aluka Wa Ata Wajjahu Ilaika Binabiyina Nabiyyir rahmati Ya Muhammadu Inni Ata Wajjahu Bika ila Rabbi Fayadiha Haajati wa tazkuru haajataka wa ruh illaya hatta arooha ma’aka. O Allah, I beg of you and I seek your assistance, with the Wasila (Medium) of your beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who is the Prophet of Mercy. O Muhammad! I turn to Allah with your Wasila so that my needs be fulfilled.”

 

Thereafter, he was told to mention his need. On completion, he was told to visit Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu), so that both could visit the august court of Hazrat Uthman Ghani (radi Allahu anhu). When he presented himself in front of the great Caliph, he was not only shown great respect, but his need and wish were also immediately granted. The Caliph, then addressing the man stated: “In future if you require any favour, come immediately to me.”

 

After they had left the court of the great Caliph, the man thanked Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu) for mentioning him to the Caliph, the latter clearly stated that he had not even approached the Caliph. He then stated: “By Allah, I saw the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) teaching the very same Du’a to a blind man. Miraculously, the blind man then approached us before we could even complete our conversation, and it appeared as if he had never been blind.”

 

Imaam Tabraani and Imaam Munzari (radi Allahu anhuma) have both stated that this Hadith is authentic.

 

(3) Imaam Bukhari (radi Allahu anhu) in his “Kitaabul Adaabul Mufrad”, Imaam Ibnus Sinni and Imaam ibn Bashkool (radi Allahu anhuma) have recorded that, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Omar (radi Allahu anhu) once suffered from a cramp. Someone advised him to remember the person whom he loved the most. The great companion then proclaimed loudly, “Ya Muhammadah.” It is recorded that he was immediately relieved.

 

(4) Imaam Nawawi (radi Allahu anhu) in his commentary of the Sahih Muslim, including in his book, “Kitaabul Azkaar”, records that some individuals were sitting in the company of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu), when suddenly one of them suffered from cramps. The great companion advised the man to remember the person whom he loved the most. The man proclaimed, “Ya Muhammadah.” He was immediately cured. There are in fact many Ashbaab who narrate incidents of similar incident.

 

(5) Substantiating this, Allama Shahaab Khafaaji Misri (radi Allahu anhu) states in his “Naseem-ur Riyaaz” a commentary of the “Shifa” by Imaam Qaadi Ayaaz (radi Allahu anhu), that it is an established practice of the people of Medina Shareef to proclaim “Ya Muhammadah” in times of difficulty and anxiety. Read the rest of this entry »

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The Ahl as Sunnah Stance concerning the Blessed Ahl Al Bayt

Posted by al Adaab on December 1, 2007

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Nahmaduhu wa Nusalli ‘alaa Rasulihil Kareem

wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi ajma’een

The Ahl as Sunnah Stance concerning the Blessed Ahl Al Bayt

A question answered by Shaykh Muhammad al Yaqoubi

 

Question 11: by Irfaan

Assalaam walaikum Shaykh, What should the Ahl As-Sunnah stance be on the Ahl al-Bayt, and how does it differ with the Shia assertion of Ismah (infallibility), how much love should we bestow on them and is their maqam higher then the sahabah’s? Also what about their assertion of praying on Turban or natural surfaces is this a valid Fiqh opinion

Answer:

Glory be to Allah; prayer and salutations are due to His Messenger Sall Allah-u ‘alayhi wa Sallim. The descendants of the Prophet Sall Allah-u alayhi wa Sallim through his two grandsons Sayyidunaa al-Hasan and Sayyiduna al-Husayn radiya Allah-u ‘anhumaa are parts of the family of the Prophet Sall Allah-u ‘alayhi wa Sallim known in Arabic as (‘Aal al-Bayt). The major reference to the rights of the family of the prophet Sall Allah-u ‘alayhi wa Sallim is in the Qur’anic verse, {Say, I do not ask you for any reward for IT [the Qur’an] except friendship to my kin}. In addition to this verse there are several hadith that speak loudly of the rights the Prophet Sall Allah-u ‘alayhi wa Sallim laid upon us concerning his family. These rights vary from love and respect to financial rights in the Public Funds.

Love and respect for the family of the Prophet is one of the features that distinguished the path of Ahlus sunnah for centuries. The books of Fiqh, history, biographies have countless examples of the relationship between the Ulema and ‘Aal al-Bayt. The great Imam sidi Ahmad Zarouq wrote in his “Qawaa’id at-Tasawwuf” a principle on the love for the family of the Prophet; ash-Shaykh al-Akbar Muhyideen Ibn ‘Arabiy wrote a beautiful section in his “Meccan Revelation” on ‘Aal al-Bayt; both elaborated on the special high rank of ‘Aal al-Bayt and their special merit on the Day of Judgment. Al-Qadi ‘Iyaad rahimahu Allah quoted the various hadiths that compel Muslims to the rights he Sall Allah-u ‘alayhi wa Sallim has upon us concerning his family. A good reference on this subject is “ash-Sharaf al-Mu’abbad li-‘Aali Muhammad” By shaykh Yousuf an-Nabhaaniy.

On how much love we should have for them let me quote for you this story that happened with me: One of the greatest Ulema and men of Allah now in Damascus is shaykh Saleem al-Hammamiy who is 100 years of age, (at least). He is known for his extreme love for the family of the Prophet Sall Allah-u ‘alayhi wa Sallim. Upon one of my stays in Damascus in the beginning of this year (2002) I met him a few times during several dinners held by his sons, he told me twice that he wanted to see me alone. So, I went to visit him; in his room he gave a gift (a lot of money) and wanted me to give him my word that I would consider him part of our family by saying (Saleem is one of us – the family of the Prophet); he added that this will give him one hope for survival on the Day of Judgment. When two scholars meet in a party, the scholar of ‘Aal al-Bayt is always foremost. Niqabat al-Ashraaf was a special administration that handled the register, birth, death, geneologies and financial rights of ‘Aal al-Bayt. Naqeeb al-Ashraaf was the official title of the head of that administration. Formally, half a century ago, when the Mufti and Naqeeb al-Ashraaf met, the latter takes precedence over the former, e.g. Naqib al-Ashraaf on the right-hand side of the president and the Mufti on the left-hand side. Ahlus sunnah’s love and respect for ‘Aal al-Bayt is immense and strong but not extreme so that it kept them within the tenets of the Deen.

The extreme love the Shee’as had for ‘Aal al-Bayt led them to believe that they are impeccable, a position they have held for centuries. In some of their most recent writings some prominent shi’i leaders make it possible that some of the Imams of ‘Aal al-Bayt may reach levels higher in ranks than some prophets, which contradicts the Islamic dogma which states that messengers and then prophets are the best of all humanity with no single exception. We love the family of the Prophet Sall Allah-u alayhi wa Sallim for his sake, for the blood that runs in their veins, or if we may put it in modern scientific terms, for the genes they inherited from him. It is sometimes difficult to stimulate this love for ‘Aal al-Bayt when people see the majority of them as ordinary people, less righteous than others, have no knowledge of the deen, with some of them even getting far off the deen so they question the whole principle. Had we loved them for their own sake we would be excused if we disrespect them when they transgress; but we love them above all for the sake of their grandfather, and whether they are righteous or sinful, they are his descendants and he is still their grandfather. This is why one of the Algerian scholars, shaykh ‘Ashour al-Khanqi, a devotee to the family of the Prophet Sall Allah-u alayhi wa ‘Aalihi wa Sallim wrote a book on this issue under the title: “al-‘Ithaaf bifadli ‘Usaatil- Ashraaf”. I came across the title of this book several years ago and was very much interested in the life of the author; feeling compelled to be grateful to him on behalf of the living members of family of the Prophet Sall ‘alayhi-u ‘alayhi wa ‘Aalihi wa Sallim but the book, in its lithographic one hundred year old edition is as rare as a manuscript. Two years ago, I visited Princeton Library in my search of some manuscripts on hadith and went to its Arabic printed stocks and thought, not knowing where to start the search, I wondered how to find any rare book. To my surprise, I walked between the shelves and picked up one volume, the very first and it was this book on ‘Aal al-Bayt.


 

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