Al Adaab: An Ahl as Sunnah Perspective

Traditional Islamic Resources

Salaah is a Partition Between Islam and Kufr

Posted by al Adaab on January 10, 2007

Salaah is a Partition Between Islam and Kufr
Jabir Ibn Abdullah (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying:
1. “To leave Salaah is to be linked with Kufr.

2. “To leave Salaah is to be linked with Kufr and belief in more than one God.”

Discarding Salaah is Equivalent to Leaving Islam

Ubaadah Ibn Saamit (Radiallaho Anho) narrates, ‘My dear friend, Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam), while enjoining upon me seven good practices said, “Do not ascribe anything as partner to Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala), though you may be cut into pieces or burnt alive or crucified; do not forego Salaah intentionally, lest you should get out of the fold of Islam; do not indulge in disobedience of Allah tamale, lest you deserve His anger; and do not take to drinking, for that is the source of all evils.”

Allah Has No Obligation to Persons Discarding Salaah

Muaaz Ibn Jabal (Radiallaho Anho) narrates: Rasul (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) enjoined upon me ten things, “Do not ascribe anything as partner to Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala), though you may be killed or burnt alive .Do not disobey your parents, though you may have to part with your wile or your entire wealth. Do not neglect obligatory Salaah intentionally, for Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) is free from obligation to a person who neglects obligatory Salaah intentionally. Do hot take wine, for it is the root of every vice. Do not be disobedient to Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) for that attracts the anger of Allah Subhanahu wa Taala). Do not turn your back to the enemy in battle, though all your comrades may have fallen. Do not run away from the locality where an epidemic has broken out. Do spend on your family members according to your capacity and let your stick be hanging over them, as a warning and to punish them against neglect of their duties towards Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) ”

Tremendous Loss on Missing a single Salaah

Nawfal Ibn Muaawiyah (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard the Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying, “A person who has missed one Salaah is like one who has lost all his family and wealth.”

Discard of Salaah is a Major Sin

Ibn Abbas (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying, “A person who combines two Salaah without any strong excuse has reached a door of the major sins.”

Ali (Radiallaho Anho) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) once said, “Do not delay in three things: Salaah when its time has set in, burial when the funeral is ready and marriage of an unmarried woman when her match is found.”
Fate of the Person Neglecting Salaah

Abdullah Ibn Amr (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that once the Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) while talking about Salaah said, “For its devotee, Salaah shall on the day of Qiyamah be a light for him, an argument in his favor, and a means of his deliverance; whereas there will be no light, no defense and no deliverance from punishment for one who does not guard his Salaah, and he shall meet the fate of Firaawn, Haamaan and Ubbay bin Khalf.”

Anas (Radiallaho Anho) also narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying, “Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) says I hold back punishment deserved by a locality, when I see therein some people who frequently visit the Masjid, love one another for My sake, and make Dua for forgiveness in the hours of darkness.”

Abu Darda (Radiallaho Anho) wrote to Salmaan ( Radiallaho Anho) “spend most of your time in the Masjid. I have heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying that the Masjid is the place of the pious. Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) has taken upon Himself to reward the person who spends most of his time in the Masjid. Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) shall keep him in comfort and shall make him cross the bridge over Jahannam with great ease. Surely, Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) is pleased with such a person:.

Abdullah Ibn Masood (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying: “Masjids are the houses of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) and people coming therein are His visitors. When everybody treats his visitors kindly, why should Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) not be kind to His guests?” Abu Saeed al-Khudree (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) say: “Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) loves the person who is attached to the Masjid.”

Abu Hurairah (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying, “When a dead person is laid in the grave, even before the people present at his burial clear off, Munker and Nakeer visit hi,. Then, if the person is a Mu’min, his good practices encircle him: Salaah comes close to his head, Zakah to his right, fast to his left and the remaining food deeds towards his feet, so that no one can approach him. Even the Angels do the necessary questioning while standing at a distance.”

One of the Sahabi reports that, when the inmates of Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) ‘s house were hard-pressed in any way, he would order them to offer Salaah and recite the following Ayah: “And enjoin Salaah upon the people and be constant therein, We ask not of thee a provision, We provide for thee. And the Akhirah is for righteousness. (Taaha 132)”.

Asma (Radiallaho Anha) narrates that she heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying, “All the people will be gathered together on the day of Qiyamah and they will all hear the voice of the announcing Angel. He will say ‘Where are those who glorified Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) in ease and adversity?’ A group will rise up and enter Jannah without reckoning. It will then be announced. ‘Where are those who left their beds and spent their nights in worship?’ Another group will rise up and enter Jannah without reckoning. The Angel will again announce, ‘Where are those whom trade and business did not keep away from remembrance of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala)?’ Yet another group will rise up and enter Jannah.”

In another Hadith, the same account is given, with the addition that in the beginning the angel will say, “All those gathered here will see today who are the honored people,” and with the change that the angels at the time of the third announcement will say, “Where are those whom their engagement in trade did not distract from Salaah and remembrance of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala)?” Sheikh Nasr al-Samarqandee, after quoting this Hadith writes, “When all the three groups will have entered Jannah without reckoning, a monster with a long neck, shining eyes and a most fluent tongue will rise up from Jahannam and say, ‘I have been deputed on all who are proud and bad-tempered.’ It will then pick up all such persons from the crowd, as a fowl picks up grain and then it will throw them into the Jahannam”
“It will rise up again saying, ‘This time I have been deputed on all who lied about Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) and His Rasul (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam)’ It will then pick up all such persons and throw them into Jahannam. It will appear for the third time and will, in a similar manner, take away all those who made images and pictures. The reckoning will then commence after these three groups have been eliminated.”

Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) is reported to have said, “I saw Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) in His best form. He said to me, ‘0 Muhammad! What are the Highest Chiefs (angels) arguing about?’ I said, I have no knowledge about that.’ Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) placed His gracious hand on my bosom. I felt its comforting coolness right through my heart, and the entire universe was revealed to me. I said, ‘They are arguing about the things which exalt, the things which atone for sins, the rewards for the steps taken while going for Salaah (with Jamaah) the virtues of performing Wudu’ properly when it is very cold, and the blessings that a person deserves when, after performing one Salaah he keeps on sitting in the Masjid till the next Salaah. A person careful of these shall live a blessed life and shall die a blessed death.”

Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) is reported (in many Ahadith) to have said, “Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) says, ‘0 son of Adam! Say four Rakaats of Salaah in the early part of the day. I shall help thee in completing all thy tasks during the rest of the day.’” It is said in a Hadith: Salaah is the cause of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) ‘s pleasure, is loved by the angels, is a tradition of the Ambiyaa, gives awareness about Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) causes Dua to be granted, blesses the daily bread, is the root of Iman, refreshes the body, is a weapon against the enemy, shall recommend its devotee, is a light in the darkness and a companion in the loneliness of the grave, is a reply to the questioning of the angels, is a shade against the sun on the day of Qiyamah, is a protection against the fire of Jahannam is a weight for the scales of good deeds, is a means of swift crossing over the bridge over Jahannam and is a key to Jannah”

Uthman (Radiallaho Anho) is reported to have said, “Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) bestows nine favors on a person who guards his Salaah and is particular in performing it at its appointed hours: He is loved by Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala), he enjoys good health, is constantly under the protection of the angels, his home is blessed, the light of righteousness shines on his face, his heart is made soft, he shall cross the bridge over Jahannam with the speed of lightning, he is saved from Jahannam and his neighbors in Jannah are those about whom Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) has said : There shall no fear come upon them, neither shall they grieve7 (al-baqarah 38)

Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) says, ”Salaah is the pillar of Islam and it has ten virtues: It brightens the face, is a light of the heart, health and freshness for the body, a company in the grave, a means for gaining Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) ‘s mercy, a key to Jannah, a weight for the scales (of good deeds), a means of winning Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) ‘s pleasure, a price of Jannah and a protection against the fire of Jahannam. A person who is particular about Salaah in fact, establishes Deen and one who neglects it demolishes (so to say, the structure of) Deen.

According to one Hadith, there is healing in Salaah. Once Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saw Abu Hurairah (Radiallaho Anho) lying on his stomach. He said to him, “Are you suffering from stomach pain?” He replied in the affirmative. The Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) said, “Then get up and busy yourself in Salaah for that will heal you.

Once Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam), in his dream, saw Jannah and heard the footsteps of Bilal (Radiallaho Anho) there. Next morning he said to Bilal: “What deed of yours helped you to follow me even to jannah7’^ He replied: “When my Wudu’ lapses even at night, I perform fresh wudoo7 and say as many Rakaats of Nafil Salaah as I can.
Safeeree writes: “The angels address a person who misses Fajr as ‘0 you wrongdoer,’ and one who neglects Zuhr as ‘0 you loser,’ and one who ignores Casr as ‘0 you offender,’ and one who omits Maghrib as ‘0 you nonbeliever,’ and one who does not say Isha as ‘0 you violator of Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) ‘s commandments.’

Allama Sharaanee writes: “It should be clearly understood that punishment is drawn off from a locality the people of which are particular about Salaah whereas a locality the people of which neglect Salaah is frequently visited by punishment. Earthquakes, thunderbolts and sinking of houses may be expected where people are not particular about Salaah. Simply guarding one’s own Salaah is not enough, because when a disaster strikes, it does not befall the wrongdoers alone. It affects everybody in that locality.

Once the Sahabah asked the Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam): “Can we perish while there are pious people among us?” Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) replied, “Yes, if vice becomes supreme.” It is therefore necessary that other people should also be reminded to stick to Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) ‘s commandments and refrain from wrongdoing.

Jamaat Salaat

Ibn Abbas (Radiallaho Anho) narrates, “I heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying, ‘If a person in spite of hearing Azaan does not go to the Masjid (and he prefers to say his Salaah at home) without strong excuse, then his Salaah is not accepted. When the Sahabah inquired as to what could be a strong excuse, he replied, ‘Illness or fear.’”

Ibn Abbas (Radiallaho Anho) also says, “No good is done by, nor any good is done to, the person who does not join Jamaah after hearing Azaan. ‘Aboo Hurairah (Radiallaho Anho) says, “It ^s more appropriate to pour molten lead into the ears of a person who does not go to join Jamaah after hearing Azaan.

Abu Hurairah (Radiallaho Anho) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying, “I wish I could ask the boys to collect a huge quantity of firewood for me, and then I would go around and set fire to the houses of those who say their Salaah at their own houses without any excuse.”

Somebody asked Ibn Abbas (Radiallaho Anho) , “What about a person who keeps fast all day and offers Nafil Salaah all night, but does not go to the Masjid for Jamaah and weekly Friday Salaah’ “He is doomed to Jahannam,” replied Ibn Abbas (Radiallaho Anho) .

Kab AI-Hibr says, “By Him who revealed the tawraah to Moosa, Injeel to Essa, Zaboor to Dawood (Alaihi Salaam) , and the Quran to Muhammad (Sallallaho Alaihi Wassallam) the following Aayah were revealed in respect of saying obligatory Salaah in those place (Masjids) where Azaan is said: ‘On the day when the “glory of Saaq” (a particular type of bright light) is revealed and they are ordered to do Sajdah but are not able, with eyes downcast, covered with disgrace. And they had been called to do Sajdah when they were quite hale and healthy” (al-qalam 42-43).

The “glory of saaq is a particular type of glory to be displayed on the day of Qiyamah. All Muslims will fall down in Sajdah on seeing this glory, but there will be some whose backs will turn stiff and they will be unable to do Sajdah. As to who these unlucky persons would be, different interpretations have been given by different commentators. According to this Hadith, which is also confirmed by another narrated by Ibn Abbas and others, those shall be the persons who were called for Salaah with Jamaah but did not go for it.


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